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Canada's Four Seasons

Canada has four distinct seasons that vary depending on where you are.


Canada has winter, spring, summer and fall. However the climate and intensity of these seasons varies across the country.

The west coast of British Columbia, including Vancouver, has a moderate climate year round and thus the seasons are less distinct from one another. Overall, the west coast has summers that aren't as warm nor winters that are as bitterly cold as say, Toronto or Montreal.

Winter in Canada

Canadian flag with Sulphur Mountains and townscape in background
Cosmo Condina/The Image Bank/Getty Images
The height of winter is freezing cold in most places except for the BC coast, where winters are moderate with little snow. Nearby Whistler, on the other hand gets loads of snow and is a major ski destination through May.

In the Rockies, winter is long. However, snow stays around only in the higher altitudes. Calgary, does not get much snow, but Banff and Canmore may get two feet in April. In addition, southern Alberta gets winter relief from warm Chinook winds.

Eastern Canada, including Toronto and Montreal, has a short, fierce winter, below zero temperatures most of the time, and -20°C (-4°F) not uncommon. At least one or two snowfalls of eight inches or more will likely hit in January and February.

Top Winter Festivals

Spring in Canada

Ottawa Tulip Festival
Spring comes early on Canada's west coast, with February seeing the arrival of tulips and temperatures on average staying above O°C (32°F). Elsewhere in the country, spring shows up to stay in April and extends through to June. April usually sees the last of the winter's snow, except in higher altitudes like Banff or Whistler, both popular ski destinations where the season doesn't end until May.

Summer in Canada

Photo - Getty Images
Summer in Canada is generally June to August with hot, humid weather often arriving earlier and staying later than this in central and eastern Canada cities like Toronto and Montreal. West coast summers are more moderate, with less humidity and cooler evenings. Canada's northern regions, logically, have cooler summers, but ones that are generally comfortable and sunny.

Related Articles: Summer in Toronto - Things to Do in Summer in Toronto

Fall in Canada

Photo courtesy New Brunswick Tourism
Fall, or Autumn, in Canada is my favorite time of the year. In central and eastern Canada, cooler temperatures in September provide relief from the heat and humidity of August and leaves on the trees begin their transformation to stunning shades of orange, red and yellow. Many people travel to take in this spectacular fall foliage in Canada. Vancouver's rain slows down to make September one of the city's least rainy months. Temperatures continue to dip and bring the first snow flurries usually in November and more substantial snowfalls in December.

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